EC Acronyms and Disability Categories

Areas of Disability:


Autism Spectrum Disorder (AU) - a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, which adversely affects a child's educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotypical movements, restricted interests, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences. 


Deaf-Blindness (DB) - hearing and visual impairments that occur together, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs.


Developmental Delay (DD) - a child aged three through seven, whose development and/or behavior is delayed or atypical, as measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures, in one or more of the following areas: physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development, or adaptive development, and who, by reason of the delay, needs special education. 


Deafness (DF) -  a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification that adversely affects the child's educational performance. 


Emotional Disability (ED) - a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational performance: (a) an inability to make educational progress that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors; (b) and inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers; (c) inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances; (d) a general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression; (e) a tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

Hearing Impairment (HI) - impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating that adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Intellectual Disability - Mild, Moderate, or Severe (ID) - significantly below average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Multiple Disabilities (MU) - two or more disabilities occurring together, the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments.

Orthopedic Impairment (OI) - a severe physical impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. 

Other Health Impairment (OHI) - having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment and adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Speech or Language Impairment (SI) - a communication disorder, such as an impairment in fluency, articulation, language, or voice/resonance that adversely affects a child's educational performance. 

Specific Learning Disability (SLD) - a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the impaired ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) - an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force or by an internal occurrence resulting in total or partial functional disability and/or psychosocial impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. 

Visual Impairment, including Blindness (VI) - an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's educational performance. 



Other Acronyms for EC Listed Alphabetically:


ADD                 Attention Deficit Disorder


ADHD               Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder


AIG                   Academically and/or Intellectually Gifted


APD                 Auditory Processing Disorder


AYP                 Adequate Yearly Progress


BA                    Behavioral Assessment


BASC               Behavior Assessment System for Children


BIP                   Behavior Intervention Plan


CAPD               Central Auditory Processing Disorder


CC                    Cross-categorical


CEC                 Council for Exceptional Children


DPI                   Department of Public Instruction


ELL                  English Language Learner


EOC/EOG         End of Course/Grade


ESY                 Extended School Year


FAPE               Free Appropriate Public Education


FBA                  Functional Behavior Assessment


HFAU               High Functioning Autism


IDEA                 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act


IEP                   Individual Education Program


IQ                     Intelligence Quotient


ITP                   Individualized Transition Plan


LEA                  Local Education Agency


LEP                  Limited English Proficiency


LRE                  Least Restrictive Environment


NCDPI              North Carolina Department of Public Instruction


NCLB                No Child Left Behind


OCR                 Office of Civil Rights


OCS                 Occupational Course of Study


OSEP               Office of Special Education Programs


OT                    Occupational Therapy


PLP                  Present Levels of Educational Performance


RTI                   Response to Intervention


SCOS               Standard Course of Study


SLP                  Speech Language Pathologist