EC Acronyms and Disability Categories
Areas of Disability:
Autism Spectrum Disorder (AU) - a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, which adversely affects a child's educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotypical movements, restricted interests, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences.
Deaf-Blindness (DB) - hearing and visual impairments that occur together, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs.
Developmental Delay (DD) - a child aged three through seven, whose development and/or behavior is delayed or atypical, as measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures, in one or more of the following areas: physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development, or adaptive development, and who, by reason of the delay, needs special education.
Deafness (DF) - a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification that adversely affects the child's educational performance.
Emotional Disability (ED) - a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational performance: (a) an inability to make educational progress that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors; (b) and inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers; (c) inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances; (d) a general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression; (e) a tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
Hearing Impairment (HI) - impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Intellectual Disability - Mild, Moderate, or Severe (ID) - significantly below average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Multiple Disabilities (MU) - two or more disabilities occurring together, the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments.
Orthopedic Impairment (OI) - a severe physical impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Other Health Impairment (OHI) - having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment and adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Speech or Language Impairment (SI) - a communication disorder, such as an impairment in fluency, articulation, language, or voice/resonance that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Specific Learning Disability (SLD) - a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the impaired ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) - an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force or by an internal occurrence resulting in total or partial functional disability and/or psychosocial impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Visual Impairment, including Blindness (VI) - an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Other Acronyms for EC Listed Alphabetically:
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
AIG Academically and/or Intellectually Gifted
APD Auditory Processing Disorder
AYP Adequate Yearly Progress
BA Behavioral Assessment
BASC Behavior Assessment System for Children
BIP Behavior Intervention Plan
CAPD Central Auditory Processing Disorder
CEC Council for Exceptional Children
DPI Department of Public Instruction
ELL English Language Learner
EOC/EOG End of Course/Grade
ESY Extended School Year
FAPE Free Appropriate Public Education
FBA Functional Behavior Assessment
HFAU High Functioning Autism
IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEP Individual Education Program
IQ Intelligence Quotient
ITP Individualized Transition Plan
LEA Local Education Agency
LEP Limited English Proficiency
LRE Least Restrictive Environment
NCDPI North Carolina Department of Public Instruction
NCLB No Child Left Behind
OCR Office of Civil Rights
OCS Occupational Course of Study
OSEP Office of Special Education Programs
OT Occupational Therapy
PLP Present Levels of Educational Performance
RTI Response to Intervention
SCOS Standard Course of Study
SLP Speech Language Pathologist